Category: SAP

What Does ERP Stand For – Full Form of ERP

What does ERP Stand For

In this tutorials you will learn what does ERP stand for and Full form of an ERP software.

The acronym ERP stands for “Enterprise Resource Planning”. ERP software integrates all systems of an organization into single system with modules that supports core business areas such as Manufacturing, Sales, Finance and Human Resource. It facilities free flow of data among different departments in an organization, so the people in different departments access one source of data.

ERP systems supports an organization in optimizing, planning, maintaining and tracking resource throughout the project life cycle. Among ERP software, SAP system is leading ERP software in market.

ERP Software Packages

  1. SAP
  2. Oracle
  3. PeopleSoft
  4. Microsoft
  5. Baan
  6. J.D Edwards
  7. Lawson
  8. Ramico
  9. Adonix

Major Components of ERP

  • Finance
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Human Resource
  • Customer Relationship Management
  • Manufacturing Resource Planning

Also read : What does SAP stand for

Frequently question asked about full of an ERP

What is ERP stand for ?

It is a similar question related to what does ERP stand for, as we discussed above an ERP system stand for Enterprise Resource Planning.

What does ERP stand for in manufacturing

According to Manufacturing, ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning

What does ERP stand for in business

According to Business, ERP stand for Enterprise Resource Planning

What does ERP stand for in Finance

According to Finance, ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning

What does ERP stand for in SAP

The acronym SAP stand for “Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing. According to SAP, ERP stand for Enterprise Resource Planning.

More Resources on ERP:

What Does SAP Stand For – Full Form of SAP Software

What does SAP stand for ?

Learn what does SAP stand for and full form of an SAP software according to English language and German language.

According to English language – SAP stand for “Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing“. The original acronym of SAP was derived from German language, according to the German SAP stands for “Systeme, Anwendungen Produkte in der datenverabeitung“.

SAP AG is the German MNC software organization, that produces Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software to manage day to day business operations, long term relationship with customers and providing the better business solutions. SAP was officially formed in the year 1972 as Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung (“System Analysis and Program Development), later the name was changed to “Systeme, Anwendungen Produkte in der datenverabeitung (Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing).

SAP was initially developed and released into several versions i.e. SAP R/1, SAP R/2 & SAP R/3. SAP R/3 is a three tier client server architecture and was officially formed in the year 1992.

Also read: What does ERP stands for ?

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What SAP stand for in Information Technology?

According to Information Technology, SAP stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing.

2. What does SAP stand for in accounting ?

According to Accounting, SAP stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing.

3. What does SAP stand for in Business ?

According to business, SAP stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing

4. What does SAP stand for in Manufacturing ?

According to Manufacturing, SAP stand for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing

5. What is the Full Form of SAP in German Language?

According to German language, full form of SAP is Systeme, Anwendungen Produkte in der datenverabeitung.

More Resources on SAP Software:

SAP Modules – Complete List of ERP SAP R/3 Modules

SAP Modules List :

ERP SAP software provides various SAP modules, such as FICO, MM, HR, ABAP, SD, PP, PS, CRM, etc for handling day to day business activities of an organization.

SAP Modules are further divided in to two types of modules i.e. SAP Functional modules & SAP Technical modules. Each module of SAP R/3 system can be integrated with other SAP modules, so the processed data of one module can be used by other modules. The important modules of SAP are

ERP SAP Modules List

List of SAP Functional Modules

S.noName of Functional ModuleSAP Module
1Financial Accounting ModuleSAP FI
2Controlling ModuleSAP CO
3Material Management ModuleSAP MM
4Sales & Distribution ModuleSAP SD
5Production Planning ModuleSAP PP
6Quality Management ModuleSAP QM
7Project System ModuleSAP PS
8Human Capital Management ModuleSAP HCM
9Investment Management ModuleSAP IM
10Financial Supply Chain Management ModuleSAP FSCM
11Customer Relationship Management ModuleSAP CRM
12Warehouse Management ModuleSAP WM
13Supplier Relationship Management ModuleSAP SRM
14Advanced Planning & Optimization ModuleSAP APO
15Plant Maintenance ModuleSAP PM
16Product Life Cycle Management ModuleSAP PLM
17Treasury Management ModuleSAP TR
18Logistics Execution ModuleSAP LE
19Banking ModuleSAP Banking
20Environment, Health & Safety ModuleSAP EHS
21Governance, Risk and Compliance ModuleSAP GRC


SAP FICO stand for financial accounting and controlling, SAP FICO module handle all the financial transactions of an organization. For e.g. if an organization purchase or sell any assets, it get recorded in FICO module. The important sub-modules of SAP FI & SAP CO are

  1. General ledger accounting
  2. Accounts payable
  3. Accounts receivable
  4. Asset Accounting
  5. Cost center accounting
  6. Internal orders
  7. Profit center accounting
  8. Product costing
  9. Profitability analysis

SAP MM Module

SAP material management module is one important module of logistics that deals with procurement and material resources of an organization. The important sub-modules of SAP MM are

  1. Purchasing
  2. Inventory management
  3. Material requirement planning
  4. Material Master data

SAP HR Module

SAP HR module is also called as Human Capital Management (HCM). It is responsible for performing human resource related activities of an organization. The important sub-modules of SAP HR are

  1. Personnel administration
  2. Personnel development
  3. Time management
  4. Payroll management


List of SAP Technical Modules

S.noName of Technical ModuleModule
1 Advanced Business Application Programming SAP ABAP
2 Security ModuleSAP Security
3Basis ModuleSAP Basis
4Customer Relationship ManagementSAP CRM
5 Business Intelligence/ Business WarehouseSAP BI/BW
6 High Performance Analytics Appliance ModuleSAP HANA
7 Business Planning and Consolidation SAP BPC
8Application Link Enabling SAP ALE
9 Business Objects Data ServicesSAP BODS
 10 Business Objects ModuleSAP BO/BOBJ
11 NetweaverSAP Netweaver
12FIORI (user interface) moduleSAP FIORI
13 Solution ManagerSAP Solution Manager
14 Master Data ManagementSAP MDM
15 Business One Module SAP B1
16 Governance, Risk and Compliance ModuleSAP GRC
17 Enterprise Asset Management SAP EAM
18 Testing Module SAP Testing
19 SAP Cloud Platform SAP Cloud
20 Web Dynpro SAP Web Dynpro
21Exchange infrastructure ModuleSAP XI

Note : – Every SAP module has its own demand in market and plays a major role in an implementation process.

Here we have provided complete SAP modules list and you can choose best SAP module for learning. Learn SAP from our SAP tutorials with real time scenarios.

What is SAP Transaction Code | SAP TCode

What is SAP Transaction Code 

In SAP, a Transaction code is used to capture the business task that consists sequences of screen and generates SAP documents with various functions of create, change and display. 

Transaction code (tcode) is a 4 digits shortcut key that enables to access the requested transaction.

How to access transaction 

  • Using SAP menu path
  • Using transaction code

How to find transaction codes on a particular screen

Go to system >> Status >> transaction code

Transaction code for a particular SAP Screen

How to check user authorization for a particular transaction code in SAP

You can check whether you are authorized to use a particular tcode in SAP system. Here you can generate reports for which user a particular transaction is authorized.

On SAP Easy Access screen, enter T-code “AUTH” in the SAP command field.


Now follow the path SAP Menu >> Users >> Users by Complex Selection Criteria and double click on By transaction authorizations.

users by transaction code authorizations

On users by complex selection criteria screen, enter a tcode in the field transaction code and click on execute button.

complex selection criteria SAP

Now check the authorization by user name, user group with validity details.

Add transaction codes to favorites list

Go to Extras >> Settings and check the display technical name and press enter to continue.

SAP Transaction codes in favorites

Now a list of favorites tcodes displays under favorites menu. To add transaction codes to the favorites list, select favorites and right click on mouse and now click on insert transactions, enter.

manual entry of a transaction codes

Successfully we have added SAP transaction code SPRO to favorites folder.

SAP Favorites tcodes folder

How to create new transaction code in SAP

Based on the client requirements for custom reports new transaction codes are created. You can create custom SAP T code by using SE91.

On Maintain transaction screen, enter the T-code that you like to create and click on create button.

Create new SAP transaction code

Maintain all the required details and click on save button and save the created tcode.

Complete list of SAP Transaction Codes (TCodes)

Search complete list of SAP Transaction Codes (TCodes) module and sub-module wise.

Important SAP Transaction codes

  • /O – Opening a new SAP session
  • /N – Terminate the session and open SAP easy access session
  • SPRO – SAP Customization Implementation Guide
  • SE11 – Database table view
  • SE80 – ABAP Development workbench
  • SP01 – Spool request selection for printout
  • SU01 – Maintain Users
  • SUIM – User Information System

SAP Reference IMG – SAP Implementation Guide

SAP Reference IMG

SAP Reference IMG can be viewed using SAP SPRO transaction code or through SAP menu path Tools > Business Engineering > Customizing. The implementation guide is grouped by modules and business process that take place in every SAP R/3 module. In SAP, SAP Reference IMG provides all the required and important configuration steps to meet the functional areas of SAP. The SAP consultants or developers spends their major time in SAP Implementation Guide (IMG). SAP Reference IMG - SAP Implementation Guide The different types of IMG are

  1. SAP reference IMG
  2. Enterprise IMG and
  3. Project IMG.

SAP Reference IMG: – It come with the installation of SAP systems and consists all the important components that required for implementation and meet requirements for enterprise IMG and Project IMG. Enterprise IMG: – It is generated from SAP Reference IMG, it consists the business process for your specific instance and countries being implemented. Project IMG:  – The project IMG will be created by the Project manager or any responsible person. It consists the modules and business process which are created by project manager. During creation of project, it is mandatory to check all the required details and not to forget anything during generation of Project IMG.

What is SAP Implementation Guide?

In SAP, SAP customizing implementation guide is like tree structure for easy access with the nodes representing the configuration object. When you execute IMG activity from implementation guide screen, you are directly or indirectly changing the table values. The SAP IMG is structured and arranged in to four groups. General Settings: – Under this you do various settings for county, currencies, calendar, time zone, etc. Enterprise Structure: – Under this you define and assign organization structures for all functional modules of SAP (FI, CO, Logistics, SD, MM, PM, HRM). SAP Reference IMG Enterprise Structure Cross Application Component: – Under you configure various process like CAD integration, Payment cards, Financial conditions, Time sheet, Internet/Intranet services,  classification system, ALE business processes, etc. SAP IMG Cross Application Components Functional area settings: – Under you configure and implement various SAP modules like SAP financial accounting module, controlling module, Sales & distribution module, Production Planning module, project systems module, Quality management module, etc.

What is SAP SPRO? SAP Reference Project Object

What is SAP SPRO?

SAP SPRO stand for SAP Reference project Object, SPRO is a transaction code which is used for configuration and customize all SAP R/3 modules as per client requirements.

How to execut SAP SPRO transaction code?

Update transaction code SPRO in the SAP command field and press enter for execution of SAP IMG implementation process.

SAP Transaction Code SPRO

In next screen customizing: execute project, three options available i.e.

  • SAP Reference IMG
  • IMG Information
  • Project Analysis.

Under execute project screen, you can manage existing projects and create new projects as per client requirements.

IMG Information: – Under IMG information (Implementation Management Guide), you can check all the information about customizing. Click on IMG Information or press function key F9 and you will get the following screen with detailed customizing information.

SAP SPRO customizing execute project - IMG Information

Project Analysis: – With project analysis you can analysis, progress and obtain all the information of SAP projects.

SAP SPRO Project Analysis

SAP Reference IMG: – SAP Reference IMG takes you to Implementation Guide (IMG) screen. The IMG screen provides important settings on configuration that need to be implemented in every module of the ERP SAP system. The Implementation Guide is grouped by SAP functional modules and business process that occurs in every SAP modules. Most of the SAP consultant/ developers works in design and development phase of a project using SAP SPRO.

SPRO SAP Implementation Guide IMG

By using SAP SPRO, you can configure and customize SAP with default settings provided by SAP R/3 system and implement the project as per client requirements.

Continue to read free SAP tutorials that explains step by step implementation process.

Define Tolerance Group for Customers / Vendors in SAP

How to Define Tolerance group for customers / vendors in SAP

Tolerance group enables the users to process transaction with the payment difference of gain or loss that defined as per tolerance group for customers and vendors in SAP.

In this SAP tutorials, you will learn how to define tolerance group for customers and vendors in SAP systems. In our previous training we have learned how to assign number ranges to customer account groups in SAP.

Configuration steps

  • Transaction code: – OBA3
  • Menu Path: – SPRO > SAP Reference IMG > SAP Customizing Implementation guide –> Financial Accounting (New) —> Accounts Receivable & Accounts Payable —-> Business Transactions —–> Outgoing Payments ——> Manual Outgoing Payments ——-> Define Tolerances for customers and vendors.

Step 1) Enter T- code “OBA3” in the SAP commend field and enter.

Tolerance Group for Customers SAP transaction code

Step 2) On change view Customers/Vendors tolerances overview screen, click on “New Entries” button to define new tolerance groups for vendors and customers as per the requirements.

tolerance groups for vendors and customers in SAP

Step 3) On new entries customer and vendor tolerances screen, update the following details.

  1. Company Code: – Update the company code for which you would like to define tolerance groups.
  2. Tolerance group: – It is not required to update the tolerance group key, just update the description text of tolerance group.
  3. Permitted payment difference: – Update the payment differences of gain & loss with amount and percentage i.e 500 percentage and 1% adjustment by 100.

Define Tolerance Group for Customers and Vendors in SAP

This means the user can process the business transaction with the payment difference of 500 with gain or loss of 1 percentage. The SAP system doesn’t allow to process the transaction above the payment differences amount.

After maintaining all the required details of customer and vendor tolerances, click on save button and save the implemented tolerance group details.

Save sap configuration details

Successfully we have defined tolerance group for customers and vendors in SAP.

What is SAP FICO – An Introduction of FI and CO module

What is SAP FICO? – A brief introduction of SAP FI and SAP CO module.

In this SAP tutorials you will learn what is SAP FICO module and its importance to a business organization. SAP FICO stand for “Financial Accounting” and “Controlling”. SAP FI and SAP CO are the important core modules in SAP that are tightly integrated each other and helps the business organizations to maintain and generate financial statements for effective decision making and reporting. FI & CO are different set of books, where the SAP FI deals with external accounting and SAP CO deals with internal accounting.

>> Read our free SAP FICO training tutorials with real time scenarios.

SAP Financial Accounting (FI)

SAP FI module records and maintains financial transactions of an organization in real-time on daily basis and generates financial statements (Balance sheets, Profit & Loss accounts, etc) for external reporting.

Sub-Modules of SAP FI

  • General Ledger Accounting – All the postings that are done in SAP are recorded through general ledger(G/L) accounts.
  • Accounts Payable -It collects and maintain all the transactions related to vendor accounts.
  • Accounts Receivable –  It records and maintains all the transactions related to customer accounts.
  • Bank Accounting – It deals with all the transactions of payments like incoming payments, outgoing payments,
  • Asset Accounting – SAP FI-AA sub-module deals with all the transactions related to assets.
  • Travel Management – It deals with all the process involved in business trip and travel expenses.

SAP CO (Controlling)

SAP CO is one of the important module of SAP system as it provides the operational information to management for better decision making process. So it take cares all the requirements for reporting.

Sub-Modules of SAP CO

The important sub-modules of SAP controlling are

  • Cost Centre – It is an organizational elements which is responsible for recording all the expenses that are occurred within an organization. E.g. of cost centers are department, work center.
  • Product Costing – This CO sub-module is used to estimate the costs for producing a service or a product.
  • Profit center – It records and maintain all the profits of an organization.
  • Profit Analysis – This sub-module helps an organization to track and analysis .

SAP FICO Integration 

The integration of SAP FICO with other modules enables in automatic updation transaction to other modules that the postings are done in SAP Fico module.  It can be integrated with other SAP modules of Sales & distribution, Material management, Human Resource Management, Production planning, SAP CRM and so on.