In this C++ tutorial, you will learn how to find base 10 logarithm of given number using log10() function of cmath, with syntax and examples.

## C++ log10()

C++ log10() returns Base 10 logarithm of given number (argument).

## Syntax

The syntax of C++ log10() is

`log10(x)`

where

Returns

The return value depends on the type of value passed for parameter x.

The return value of log10(x) is

• double if x is double or integral type.
• float if x is float.
• long double if x is long double.

The synopsis of log10() function is

```double log10 (double x);
float log10 (float x);
long double log10 (long double x);
double log10 (T x); // for integral type argument values```

log10() is a function of cmath library. Include cmath library at the start of program, if using log10() function.

## Example

In this example, we read a value from user into variable x, and find its base-10 logarithm value using log10() function.

C++ Program

```#include <iostream>
#include<cmath>
using namespace std;

int main() {
double x;
cout << "Enter a number : ";
cin >> x;

double result = log10(x);
cout << "log10(" << x << ") : " << result << endl;
}```

Output

```Enter a number : 100
log10(100) : 2
Program ended with exit code: 0```
```Enter a number : 1
log10(1) : 0
Program ended with exit code: 0```
```Enter a number : -8
log10(-8) : nan
Program ended with exit code: 0```

## Conclusion

In this C++ Tutorial, we learned the syntax of C++ log10(), and how to use this function to find base 10 logarithm of a number, with the help of examples.