In this C++ tutorial, you will learn how to compute square root of given number using sqrt() function of cmath, with syntax and examples.

## C++ sqrt()

C++ sqrt() computes square root of given number (argument).

## Syntax

The syntax of C++ sqrt() is

`sqrt(x)`

where

Returns

The return value depends on the type of value passed for parameter x.

The return value of sqrt(x) is

• double if x is double or integral type.
• float if x is float.
• long double if x is long double.

If x is negative, then sqrt() returns nan.

The synopsis of sqrt() function is

```double sqrt(double x);
float sqrt(float x);
long double sqrt(long double x);
double sqrt(T x); // for integral type argument values```

sqrt() is a function of cmath library. Include cmath library at the start of program, if using sqrt() function.

## Example

In this example, we read a value from user into variable x, and find its square root using sqrt() function.

C++ Program

```#include <iostream>
#include<cmath>
using namespace std;

int main() {
double x;
cout << "Enter a number : ";
cin >> x;

double result = sqrt(x);
cout << "sqrt(" << x << ") : " << result << endl;
}```

Output

```Enter a number : 9
sqrt(9) : 3
Program ended with exit code: 0```
```Enter a number : 2
sqrt(2) : 1.41421
Program ended with exit code: 0```
```Enter a number : -2
sqrt(-2) : nan
Program ended with exit code: 0```

## Conclusion

In this C++ Tutorial, we learned the syntax of C++ sqrt(), and how to use this function to find the square root of given number, with the help of examples.