## Java Program – Check if Number is Even or Odd

Solution: To check if a natural number is even or odd, we have to divide the number by 2 and find the reminder. If the reminder is zero, then the number is even, else it is false.

When you divide a natural number by 2, the reminder has only two possible values, which are either zero or one. So, you can either check for the condition that reminder is zero, or reminder is one. To find the reminder, we shall use the modulus operator in Java.

In this tutorial, we shall write Java programs using if-else conditional statement, to decide if a number is even or odd.

### Example 1 – Check if Number is Even or Odd

In the following Java program, we shall read a number from console entered by user in standard input. Then we shall check if this number is even or odd using Java If-Else statement.

If `a` is the variable in which we are reading an integer, then `a%2` finds the reminder when `a` is divided by `2`. To check if this reminder is equal to `0`, we shall use equal to operator `==`. Thus our condition becomes `a%2==0` to check if `a` is even. If this condition returns true, then `a` is `even`, else `a` is `odd`.

Example.java

```import java.util.Scanner;

/**
* Java Program - Check if Number is Even or Odd
*/

public class Example {

public static void main(String[] args) {
//create a scanner to read bytes from console entered by user via keyboard
Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);

System.out.print("Enter a number : ");
int a = scanner.nextInt();

//check if the number is even or odd
if(a%2==0) {
System.out.println("The number is even.");
} else {
System.out.println("The number is odd.");
}

//close the scanner
scanner.close();
}
}```

Run the above program, and enter a number in the console. You shall get an output similar to the following, based on the number you entered.

### Example 2 – Check if Number is Odd or Even

Let us now check if the number is odd in the condition. And then in the else block, we conclude that the number is even.

Example.java

```import java.util.Scanner;

/**
* Java Program - Check if Number is Even or Odd
*/

public class Example {

public static void main(String[] args) {
//create a scanner to read bytes from console entered by user via keyboard
Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);

System.out.print("Enter a number : ");
int a = scanner.nextInt();

//check if the number is even or odd
if(a%2==1) {
System.out.println("The number is odd.");
} else {
System.out.println("The number is even.");
}

//close the scanner
scanner.close();
}
}```

Similar to the previous example, when you run the program, the console prompts user to enter a number. Enter a number and the program shall continue with the execution to decide if given number is odd or even.

Output

```Enter a number : 89
The number is odd.```

### Conclusion

In this Java Tutorial, we have learned how to check if a number is even or odd with the help of example Java programs.