Now that we installed express.js globally, we will build a web application using Express.js.

Create a folder name EXPRESS_WEBSERVER, navigate into the folder using command prompt and run the following command.

Express.js Create Web Server

By default, the project contains package.json file only.

Create a file named app.js and copy the following contents to it.

app.js

We will be using Visual Studio Code for this Node.js project.

Open a terminal and run this application by running the command node app.js.

Run Express.js web server

No errors. The server is up and running.

Let us open a browser and hit the url http://localhost:8000/.

Express.js Web server running

Let us see what we have done there in app.js.

We imported express package into app.js using require function.
We created an instance for an application by calling express() function. This application function now acts as an independent. We can use this application instance to make it listen on port for requests, or some other functionalities which we will see in the next topics of this Express.js Tutorial.
This is a route definition in Express.js. We will discuss in detail about routing in Express.js in our next topics. But remember that this is a route.

This particular route handles GET requests: app.get.

This route is run for the path '/'.

The function function(req, res){} gets executed when a client sends a GET reques for the path ‘/’. The req and res hold the request and response objects respectively for this GET request.

res.send() sends the argument to this function as response to the client.

We started the express application server to listen on port 8000.

You can also provide a function as an optional argument to the listen function, which gets executed after the server is up and running on the port specified.

Express.js Basic Web Server Example

Summary

In this Express.js Tutorial, we have learned how to create a web server application in Node.js using Express.js framework. Also, we got introduced to routing, but again, we will learn in detail about Express.js routing.