In this tutorial, you shall learn how to move a directory from one location to another in Kotlin using renameTo() function, in a step by step process, with example programs.

Kotlin – Move a Directory

To move a directory in Kotlin, you can use renameTo() function of class.

You may wonder how renaming a directory moves the directory. In this case, we do not rename the actual directory name, but the directory path. We change the path of the directory such that the target location is some other folder. Therefore, when you rename using renameTo(), the directory is moved to the target path.

Steps to move a directory

  1. Consider that we would like to move a directory from source location to target location.
  2. Create two file objects: one for the source directory, and one for the target directory, with respective paths.
  3. Call renameTo() function on the source directory file object and pass the target directory file object as argument. The function returns true if renaming is successful, else it returns false. And the source directory is moved to the target location.
val sourceDir = File("source/directory")
val targetDir = File("target/directory")


Consider that we have a directory mydata/set1/part1, and we would like to move it to mydata/set2/part1.

Kotlin - Move a Directory

Here, we have not changed the directory name (but you may) in target file path. But, we have changed its parent directory. Therefore, the renaming operation moves the directory part1 from mydata/set1 to mydata/set2.



fun main() {
    val sourceDir = File("mydata/set1/part1")
    val targetDir = File("mydata/set2/part1")

    if ( sourceDir.renameTo(targetDir) ) {
        println("Directory copied successfully.")
    } else {
        println("Could not copy directory.")


Directory copied successfully.
Kotlin - Move a Directory

Reference tutorials for the above program


In this Kotlin Tutorial, we learned how to copy a directory using function.