Spacer

Spacer component is used to display an empty space. Width and (or) height can be set for Spacer using Modifier object.

The definition of Spacer is

@Composable
fun Spacer(modifier: Modifier) {
    Layout({}, modifier) { _, constraints ->
        with(constraints) {
            val width = if (hasFixedWidth) maxWidth else 0
            val height = if (hasFixedHeight) maxHeight else 0
            layout(width, height) {}
        }
    }
}

Spacer composable function accepts Modifier object as parameter, through which we may set the Spacer’s width or (and) height.

Example

In this example, we will display two Rows, and between them we place a Spacer with a height of 10dp.

Create a Project in Android Studio with Empty Compose Activity template, and modify MainActivity.kt file as shown in the following.

MainActivity.kt

package com.example.myapplication

import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.activity.compose.setContent
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.compose.foundation.background
import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.*
import androidx.compose.material.Scaffold
import androidx.compose.material.Text
import androidx.compose.material.TopAppBar
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.ui.graphics.Color
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp

import com.example.myapplication.ui.theme.MyApplicationTheme

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContent {
            MyApplicationTheme {
                Scaffold(
                    topBar = {
                        TopAppBar(title = {Text("Spacer Example - TutorialKart")})
                    }
                ) {
                    Column(Modifier.padding(5.dp)) {
                        Row(
                            modifier = Modifier
                                .height(50.dp)
                                .fillMaxWidth()
                                .background(Color.Gray)
                        ) {}

                        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.height(20.dp))

                        Row(
                            modifier = Modifier
                                .height(50.dp)
                                .fillMaxWidth()
                                .background(Color.Gray)
                        ) {}
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Screenshot

Android Spacer between two Rows

Example – Spacers with Different Height

Now let us change display three rows with two Spacers, the first Spacer with a height of 20dp and the second with a height of 30d.

MainActivity.kt

package com.example.myapplication

import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.activity.compose.setContent
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.compose.foundation.background
import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.*
import androidx.compose.material.Scaffold
import androidx.compose.material.Text
import androidx.compose.material.TopAppBar
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.ui.graphics.Color
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp

import com.example.myapplication.ui.theme.MyApplicationTheme

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContent {
            MyApplicationTheme {
                Scaffold(
                    topBar = {
                        TopAppBar(title = {Text("Spacer Example - TutorialKart")})
                    }
                ) {
                    Column(Modifier.padding(5.dp)) {
                        Row(
                            modifier = Modifier
                                .height(50.dp)
                                .fillMaxWidth()
                                .background(Color.Gray)
                        ) {}

                        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.height(20.dp))

                        Row(
                            modifier = Modifier
                                .height(50.dp)
                                .fillMaxWidth()
                                .background(Color.Gray)
                        ) {}

                        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.height(30.dp))

                        Row(
                            modifier = Modifier
                                .height(50.dp)
                                .fillMaxWidth()
                                .background(Color.Gray)
                        ) {}
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Screenshot

Spacer with different heights

Example – Spacer with Width Set

In this example, we will display two Box composables in a Row, where the boxes are separated by a Spacer with 20dp width.

MainActivity.kt

package com.example.myapplication

import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.activity.compose.setContent
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.compose.foundation.background
import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.*
import androidx.compose.material.Scaffold
import androidx.compose.material.Text
import androidx.compose.material.TopAppBar
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.ui.graphics.Color
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp

import com.example.myapplication.ui.theme.MyApplicationTheme

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContent {
            MyApplicationTheme {
                Scaffold(
                    topBar = {
                        TopAppBar(title = {Text("Spacer Example - TutorialKart")})
                    }
                ) {
                    Row(Modifier.padding(10.dp)){
                        Box(
                            modifier = Modifier
                                .width(50.dp)
                                .height(50.dp)
                                .background(Color.Gray)
                        ) {}

                        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.width(20.dp))

                        Box(
                            modifier = Modifier
                                .width(50.dp)
                                .height(50.dp)
                                .background(Color.DarkGray)
                        ) {}
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Screenshot

Android Spacer between two Boxes in a Row

Conclusion

In this Android Jetpack Compose Tutorial, we learned about Spacer in Android Jetpack Compose.