Android Compose – Read Value Entered in TextField

To read value entered in TextField in Android Compose, declare a variable, and assign this variable the value in the TextField whenever there is a change in the value.

The same process holds for reading value entered in OutlineTextField composable.

The following code snippet shows how to achieve the above solution.

var username by remember { mutableStateOf("") }
TextField(
	value = username,
	onValueChange = { username = it },
	label = { Text("Label") }
)

We use remember for the variable, to prevent recalculating the value for TextField whenever recomposition happens for the TextField during Application state changes.

Example

In this example, let us create a TextField to enable user to enter input. Then we shall read the value using variable text, and display it in a Text composable below the TextField.

Create a Project in Android Studio with Empty Compose Activity template, and modify MainActivity.kt file as shown in the following.

MainActivity.kt

package com.example.myapplication

import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.activity.compose.setContent
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.Column
import androidx.compose.foundation.layout.fillMaxWidth
import androidx.compose.material.OutlinedTextField
import androidx.compose.material.Text
import androidx.compose.material.TextField
import androidx.compose.ui.Alignment
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.runtime.remember
import androidx.compose.runtime.getValue
import androidx.compose.runtime.setValue
import androidx.compose.runtime.mutableStateOf

import com.example.myapplication.ui.theme.MyApplicationTheme

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContent {
            MyApplicationTheme {
                Column(
                    horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally,
                    modifier = Modifier.fillMaxWidth()
                ) {
                    var username by remember { mutableStateOf("") }
                    TextField(
                        value = username,
                        onValueChange = { username = it },
                        label = { Text("Label") }
                    )
                    Text(username)
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Whenever user changes the value in the TextField, the username variable is loaded with the current value, through which we can access the value in TextField.

Screenshot

Android Compose - Read Value Entered in TextField

Conclusion

In this Android Jetpack Compose Tutorial, we learned how to read the value entered in TextField, using onValueChange parameter.